Southwood Lane

20 12 2008

southwoodlane4

Photos taken November 2008

Unobtrusive and semi-invisible (in the sense that you can walk past them dozens of times without really noticing they’re there), service lanes are a common feature in Cheltenham’s Regency areas. Most of the grand houses and terraces of that period had these narrow roads running along the back of them where stables, coach-houses, staff cottages and other necessary clutter could be kept conveniently to hand but discreetly out of sight. One such unassuming thoroughfare is Southwood Lane, which runs in a straight line between the top end of Suffolk Square (near the Montpellier roundabout) and the bottom end of Lypiatt Road, originally serving the backsides of the fine villas in both streets.

Surprisingly, the lane seems to have been unnamed for the first 140 years or so of its existence, only acquiring the name Southwood Lane in 1960. It was named after a house in Lypiatt Road called Southwood, which was formerly a boarding house belonging to Cheltenham College and one of several of their properties to bear that name over the years. The house, in turn, was named after the Rev. Thomas Southwood, who was a headmaster in the 19th century.

There isn’t as much to see in Southwood Lane as there is in some of the other service lanes in Cheltenham. But it has this very nice pair of cottages called Coach House Mews which still sport a lot of original features including a wooden hatch in the wall at pavement level and vertical decorative stripes incorporating the window frames. Notice how deep set the windows and doors are, a clue to the age of these cottages, which actually pre-date the lane they stand in.

southwoodlane2

The coach house (far right of the picture) and these mews cottages are the only surviving relic of Suffolk House, a supergrand double bow-fronted house built by the Earl of Suffolk around 1808 on the corner plot between Suffolk Square and Southwood Lane and now the site of some grimly utilitarian 1930s flats whose dark bulk and charming fire-escape stairways overshadow the cottages. Suffolk House is one of the town’s lamented lost buildings but was itself built on the site of an 18th century house, Galipot Farm, whose name survives only in the name of a cottage in nearby Andover Road.

The 1834 map shows Southwood Lane running across what had recently been fields and without following the old field boundaries. It had several other mews cottages by then, on both sides. The map also shows that Lypiatt Road was previously called Suffolk Lawn and was only developed on its east side at that time.

1834map_suffolksquare

1834 map showing Southwood Lane (unnamed) running behind Suffolk House, complete with cottages and outbuildings. Suffolk Lawn (now called Lypiatt Road) was only developed on one side and overlooked open fields. Suffolk Square was still only partially completed. Two more disused names shown here are Suffolk Place (now part of Suffolk Square) and Montpellier Gate (where the elongated roundabout and Gordon Lamp are now).

Southwood Lane is not shown on the 1820 Post Office map, so it most likely dates not from the building of Suffolk House itself but from the development of the rest of the rest of the Galipot Farm site in the 1820s.

southwoodlane3

The opposite side of the lane, and the back gateways of Regency houses in Lypiatt Road.

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6 responses

25 12 2008
Paul

Hi – what a fascinating collection of things about Cheltenham. I live in Lypiatt Road, and my back garden gate opens onto Southwood Lane – I know the couple who live in one of those little cottages too!

I’ve been scouring local history books at the University library, but cannot find when my house was built, or by whom. There are three detached houses on the east side of Lypiatt Road, all built in the same style with a big bow window on the right hand side as you face the front door. Though I can’t find a definitive answer, my guess is that they were put up at or around the beginning of the 19th century – any ideas?

Nice blog, keep up the good and interesting work.

27 12 2008
cheltonia

Hi Paul. Thanks for your very nice comment, I do appreciate it!

I’ve added the relevant map extract to the post, and hopefully your house is one of those shown on it.

I don’t have an exact date for when your house was built but I can be fairly confident it was between 1825 and 1832. The architect was Edward Jenkins.

Earlier maps show the whole area to be open fields. As far as I know this land all belonged to the Earl of Suffolk, who sold it for development in 1820. The line of Lypiatt Road was laid out some time around 1820 and development started shortly afterwards. The first definite reference to it is in 1827, when the Paving Commissioners were asked to provide street lighting. Lypiatt Terrace on the opposite side of the road dates from 1847. Hope this helps!

Lypiatt Road will get a post of its own at some point (when I get round to photographing it).

4 01 2009
Paul

Thanks for the update, and yes, my house is on the 1834 map – the second from the north end of the road. You can just make out the Bay feature to the south of the property, and the sweeping in and out driveway is still intact.

I must admit did think the property was a little older, but this was based on anecdotal evidence from the previous occupier of my flat, so it’s nice to have some firmer dates. Perhaps I should plan a bicentennial if I’m still here in 15 years or so!

3 03 2009
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12 11 2009
Liz

This was very interesting as I had just found out the name of the house in Cheltenham (Suffolk House) where my grandfather recouperated after the Great War, my mum had told me about it and that she visited him there, I think he had his leg amputated there. I would be really pleased to hear if anyone knows any more about the House in www1 if they could let me know/post info.

Thank you

Liz

12 11 2009
cheltonia

Hello Liz, I just emailed you some information and pictures. There’s more information about Suffolk Hall as a WW1 hospital on one of my other sites, here.

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